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The startling truth about- Monkeypox Causes and Symptoms

Monkeypox Causes and Symptoms

Monkeypox has been around for centuries, but with vaccination becoming more common, the disease has become increasingly rare in recent years, or so we thought. Monkeypox causes, symptoms, and treatment have been popping up all over the news lately because of an outbreak in western Africa, which raises some scary questions about whether you need to worry about this disease in your own country as well.

Before you panic, take a look at these facts about monkeypox causes and symptoms to find out how serious this illness is, and how you can treat it if you think you have contracted it yourself.

Monkey Causes and Symptoms


1-What is the monkeypox?

Despite its name, monkeypox is not a disease that only affects monkeys; instead, it's an infection caused by a virus found in rodents. Though monkeypox rarely occurs in humans, transmission can occur through close contact with infected animals or from direct contact with infected people. 

The illness usually runs its course within a few weeks but sometimes leads to death in severe cases. Unlike smallpox, an extremely deadly virus that was eradicated in 1979, monkeypox is not contagious among humans.

However, if you have contracted monkeypox, there are ways to treat your symptoms and lower your risk of death. Read on for more information about causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for human monkeypox infection.

2-How do you get Monkeypox?

When you or your child gets monkeypox, it usually comes from being in contact with a person who has it. You can get monkeypox if you’re in close contact with someone who has it for a long time, such as living in their home or spending time with them. You might also be at risk of getting monkeypox if someone with monkeypox has touched items like clothing, bedding, or other belongings that you may have come into contact with.

It’s important to be extra cautious during an outbreak; keep up to date on news reports about where outbreaks are occurring and take care not to touch infected areas of skin or items that may have been contaminated by an infected person. If you do come into contact with someone who has monkeypox, wash your hands thoroughly afterward.

3-Who gets infected with Monkeypox?

The startling truth about who gets infected with monkeypox is that it isn’t just monkeys; in fact, about half of people who are diagnosed with monkeypox get it from handling infected animals such as rodents, raccoons, or squirrels. People working in labs or animal shelters can also be at risk of infection.

Any time you come into contact with an infected animal’s fluids, including its blood, urine, feces, vaginal secretions, or saliva, you are at risk for infection. Once you become infected with the monkeypox virus, it takes anywhere from 1 to 3 weeks for your symptoms to appear. And what are those symptoms?

4-Symptoms of Monkeypox

Monkeypox symptoms usually appear two to six weeks after exposure and last four to seven days. The most common symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, muscle pain, and rash. Other symptoms include muscle weakness, impaired vision, and painful areas on the chest, back, and abdomen.

5-How do we prevent Monkeypox?

The best way to avoid contracting monkeypox is by avoiding close contact with any wild primates, if you need to handle a monkey, use protective clothing and a mask. Wash your hands thoroughly afterward, even if you wear gloves while handling them. If primate bites or scratches you, see a doctor as soon as possible, even if it’s only after symptoms appear days later.

The virus can spread from person to person through direct contact, but it’s not very contagious overall because most humans are already immune to its effects; only one in 10 million will catch it. Still, if you live in an area where it’s prevalent, getting vaccinated for smallpox may also help protect against monkeypox.

While there isn’t yet a vaccine for human beings (we don't want to risk accidentally creating immunity), there is one for animals that could be useful in controlling outbreaks of monkeypox among monkeys. It's unclear whether it would work on other primates like apes and lemurs. Until we know more about how immunity works, we're likely stuck using traditional treatment methods like antiviral drugs and antibiotics.

6-Treatments and Vaccines Against Monkeypox

There are no treatments or vaccines available for monkeypox, although there are some antiviral drugs that may reduce symptoms, including pain and fever. Pain relievers, such as ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol), can also help ease discomfort. Avoid aspirin, which can increase bleeding in some people. And drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration while you have a fever. 

If your symptoms worsen or do not improve within three days, contact your doctor immediately. It is very important to seek medical attention if you think you might have contracted monkeypox from an infected animal.

Conclusion

When left untreated, monkeypox causes fever, itching, and rash. If you think you may have contracted it or have been exposed to it, contact your doctor immediately. Your doctor will prescribe anti-viral treatments that will ease symptoms, prevent complications like blindness, and speed up recovery time.

It’s important to understand that these treatments should be given as soon as possible so speak with your healthcare provider right away if you are concerned about contracting or being exposed to monkeypox. Some people may experience mild side effects from their treatment but they can usually be avoided by staying hydrated and taking pain relievers.









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