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Dealing with Autism

 What is autism and what are its causes?

What Is Autism?

Autism is a developmental disorder. It is characterized by impaired communication, social interaction, and repetitive behaviors. Autism typically appears during the first three years of life.

What Is Autism?


People with autism often have a hard time communicating with other people. They may find it difficult to understand verbal or non-verbal communication, such as body language or facial expression, some do not speak at all.

Children with autism may also have trouble relating to other people, especially in social situations. For example, they might avoid eye contact or fail to respond to their name when being called.

Children with autism often engage in repetitive behaviors such as rocking back and forth or flicking their fingers. They may get stuck on certain words or phrases and repeat them over and over again.

An estimated 1 in 59 children in the United States has been identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Autism is about four times more common among boys than girls. Studies show that ASD occurs in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups, yet it is still heavily stigmatized.

Real causes of autism

Many people still believe that vaccines cause autism The belief was fueled by a now-discredited study that was published in the journal Lancet in 1998 but the perception remains. In fact, the prevalence of this belief is correlated with lower rates of childhood immunization.

There are many theories about what causes autism spectrum disorder (ASD) but no one knows for sure Research suggests that a combination of genetic environmental and other factors likely play a role in the development of ASD.

  • However, studies suggest that the following factors may increase the risk of autism: 
  • Maternal underlying medical conditions such as diabetes or obesity during pregnancy.
  • Mothers who experience major stressors during pregnancy.
  • Pregnancies spaced less than two years apart.
  • Maternal exposure to toxins while pregnant (such as cigarette smoke medications and alcohol).
  • Premature birth or low-birthweight baby.
  • Exposure to harmful substances in the environment such as pesticides and other toxic chemicals.
  • Exposure to a virus during pregnancy such as rubella (German measles).
  • Advanced parental age.
  • Maternal use of antidepressants during pregnancy having a sibling with autism and certain genetic conditions.
  • Research has shown that the older the parents are at the time of their child's birth the greater chance there is of those children developing autism.

Diagnosing Autism

Autism is a disorder that can be diagnosed as early as 18 months of age. To receive a diagnosis, a child must have delayed communication skills and symptoms in all three categories: speech and/or language, social skills, and behavior.

If your child has delayed speech or language development but does not show signs of other autism-like behaviors, then it is likely the child is simply developing slower than the average child.

Dealing with Autism


Once your child has been diagnosed with autism, the next step is to receive treatment. The best way to treat autism at this stage is through behavioral therapy. 

Using this therapy, you can teach your child how to respond appropriately and learn to control their impulses and actions. 

By using behavioral therapy, it may be possible to recover from some of the effects of autism.

Autism signs and symptoms

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that affects communication and behavior.

It usually starts to show up during early childhood but can sometimes be diagnosed in adults.

 Signs and symptoms of autism vary from person to person but some common ones include:

  •  Difficulty interacting and communicating with others.
  • Difficulty understanding how others feel or think.
  • Anxiety and annoyance about social events and unfamiliar situations.
  • Taking more time than usual to understand the information.
  • Resentment against bright lights, noise, feeling exhausting and uncomfortable.
  • Delayed speech, or loss of the ability to do so after having been able to.
  • The trouble with conversation skills, which include eye contact and gestures.
  • Doing and thinking about the same things over and over.

Types of autism disorders

Autistic disorder:

Or what is known as classic autism, which is the type that people mean when they use the word autism. People with this type of language delay, social and communication difficulties, unusual interests and behaviors, in addition to somewhat reduced cognitive abilities.

Asperger's Syndrome:

People with this type of autism usually suffer from the aforementioned symptoms, but less severely, and they may experience social and behavioral difficulties and unfamiliar interests, but they usually do not have problems with language or a decline in cognitive abilities.

Unspecified Pervasive Developmental Disorders:

Or the so-called atypical autism, and those who have some symptoms of autism or Asperger syndrome, but not all of them, can be diagnosed with atypical autism, and people with this typeface fewer and milder symptoms than those who suffer from autism, and they only suffer from social difficulties and communicative.

Autism disorder treatment.

No matter what stage of life, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be a difficult disorder to cope with. 

For children, it changes the way they experience and interacts with the world around them.

For adults, it can limit their ability to function effectively in the workplace or at home.

And for parents and caregivers of children with ASD, it can be a constant source of frustration and stress.

As there are no hard and fast rules on how to communicate and deal with a child with autism, these rules include the following:

Applied Behavior Analysis:

This is a therapy that rewards positive behavior and is very effective in treating autistic children through research studies.

Speech Therapy:

This can help children who have difficulty communicating learn to use language more effectively, either verbally or through other means such as sign language or pictures.

Occupational Therapy:

This can improve fine motor skills like handwriting or using scissors, dressing, undressing, and eating with kitchen utensils.

How do deal with autistic children?

The first thing to understand about children with autism is that they don't have a disorder but they treat them with different minds, different ways of thinking, and different processing of information than you might be used to.

Remember that what appears to be a meltdown is the result of an overload from sensory input. That's why it's so important to learn how your child processes and interprets different types of information like sounds, and smells and work together to create strategies for managing those inputs.

Try to think like they do, and see the world through their eyes. Don't expect them to conform to your way of thinking or behaving, but instead try to find common ground between the two very different ways that you both experience reality.

It may also help you to find other parents and caregivers who have experience working with autistic individuals to gather useful tips and insights while building a network of support.

Among these rules are the following:

  • Learn patience in dealing with a child with autism.
  • Teach the child how to express his anger without being overly aggressive. 
  • Parents should show love and concern to their children.
  • Be sure to act positively, because children with autism respond better to positive actions. 
  • Make sure to ignore the child's annoying behavior that aims to attract attention, as ignoring is one of the best ways to prevent it.
  • It is also recommended to talk to the child about good behavior and reward it when applied.








 



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